archive-de.com » DE » U » UMWELTGERECHTIGKEIT.DE

Total: 28

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • Umweltgerechtigkeit
    seem rather to increase In the EJ environmental justice debate socio spatial differences of pollution are not only registered as environmental inequality but also valued as environmental inequity resp discrimination To counter this preventive and compensatory provisions need to be developed Unequal socio spatial distribution of environmental pollution may follow different distributional logics Distributional logic Distribution of environmental pollution political concentration in areas with politically weak population because less resistance economic concentration in unattractive areas because cheaper sites infrastructure restoration liability etc technical regional concentration because infrastructure cheaper synergies possible environmental no regional concentration because risk of irreversible environmental damage higher medical no concentration in poor population which is anyhow exposed to more health risks thus increasing the probability of irreversible health damage social no concentration in politically weak population because this would impede the convergence of social conditions of life which is imperative in the concept of welfare state Unequal socio spatial distribution of environmental pollution may be planned in advance but can also develop after new environmental hazards have been introduced into an area whereupon high income groups move away the rich live where they want the poor where they have to This is supported by still other processes sociodemographic changes of communities and neighborhoods segregation gentrification socioeconomic changes of inner cities deindustrialization shrinking urban sprawl suburbanization development of subcenters loss of jobs in inner city areas except downtown resp city center EJ is related to initial justice equal chances and risks of areas regions and social groups to be targeted for severe environmental change e g construction of a waste incinerator distributional justice equal advantages and disadvantages after an environmental change e g housing quality after construction of a waste incinerator precautionary justice prevention or reduction of environmental changes e g by reduction of waste which renders

    Original URL path: http://www.umweltgerechtigkeit.de/xConcept.html (2016-02-08)
    Open archived version from archive


  • Umweltgerechtigkeit
    by severe environmental changes Until now EJ is mostly ignored in Germany for the following reasons social differences social gradients in regard to environmental hazards are accepted as natural the placement of locally un wanted or hazardous installations transmitting stations wind farms nuclear power plants etc is mostly made a problem by high status groups the socio spatial separation residentail segregation of the population is still small in comparison to the USA a smaller volume of environmental pollution owing to spatial narrowness separation and concentration of environmental hazards is less feasible some measures high smoke stacks local waste disposal etc equalize environmental burdens even if EJ specific objectives are missing the debate is dominated by the classical environmental problem risks for man and environment with corresponding evaluation and prevention conflicts the existing socially discriminating distribution of environmental bads is not related to color of skin but rather social status and nationality the socio spatial distribution of environmental bads with corresponding distributional and procedural conflicts becomes a subject only in rare cases e g Gorleben airport Frankfurt M Bombodrom Horno with growing social disparity and and residential segregation a socially discriminating distribution of environmental bads becomes more probable and visible Outside

    Original URL path: http://www.umweltgerechtigkeit.de/xSubject.html (2016-02-08)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Umweltgerechtigkeit
    exposure correlates with health problems the distribution of new environmental hazards increases existing imbalances environmental clean up varies with status of different social or ethnic groups Unequal distributions of environmental pollution over social groups and space may be caused by various processes beforehand by siting decisions of investors operators or authorities according to potential resistance of affected individuals and communities discrimination effect beforehand by cost benefit comparisons of various possible

    Original URL path: http://www.umweltgerechtigkeit.de/xCauses.html (2016-02-08)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Umweltgerechtigkeit
    a research budget which had been denied After increasing public pressure made a no response no longer feasible the health authority on state level DPH tried to play down the issue but had to concede a doubling of the relative risk of leukemia After detection of the cluster it could be shown that two nearby chemical plants had severly polluted soil river and ground water with among others carcinogeneous chemicals like trichloroethylene 1 1 1 trichlorethane tetrachloroethylene and trichloromethane chloroform The concentrations of trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene at the two pump stations for drinking water in Woburn were about 40 times above existing threshold values which DPH had known since 1956 The polluters were able to drag on the civil action about occurrence quality and quantity of pollution evidence that the pollution caused leukemia for five years Then the law office that represented the destitute plaintiffs was financially ruined and had to give up This was caused by non understandable decisions of the responsible federal judge One chemical plant was exonerated for lack of evidence The other plant was according to the jury found guilty of pollution of groundwater But an assessment of damage and compensation was turned down by the judge who alleged that the jury had misunderstood scientific facts Public transport in Los Angeles Public transport in the LA metropolitan area takes care of a very large and decentralized area with more than 9 million inhabitants Transportation is provided by buses which are oten in bad shape and overcrowded Passengers often have to wait for a long time overcrowded buses pass stops without pulling up The bus system is used by poor mostly colored people who cannot afford a car In the last years the bus supply has fallen off despite a growing population because the public transport company

    Original URL path: http://www.umweltgerechtigkeit.de/xExamples.html (2016-02-08)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Umweltgerechtigkeit
    class neighborhoods are not or hardly touched siting of dangerous installations e g hazardous or nuclear waste deposits in neglected areas where lack of jobs increases acceptance by the population With few exceptions the German debate about environmental pollution has focused on risks for man and nature old environmental problem not socially discriminating distribution of such risks new environmental problem Still the second problem shows in many cases e g

    Original URL path: http://www.umweltgerechtigkeit.de/xApplicability.html (2016-02-08)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Umweltgerechtigkeit
    und Reichtumsbericht the federal health survey Bundesgesundheitssurvey der children s and adolescents health survey Kinder und Jugendgesundheitssurvey the environmental survey Umweltsurvey and the children s environmental survey Kinder Umweltsurvey Some relevant data may also be found on the state and community level More and more data on the international European level become relevant e g emission registers An empirical assessment of EJ may also use various qualitative data e g

    Original URL path: http://www.umweltgerechtigkeit.de/xData.html (2016-02-08)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Umweltgerechtigkeit
    by contradictory political or economic processes Environmental inequalities in social and geographical terms and the awareness of this problem is not limited to the US But in Germany problems differ to a certain extent and more important the systems of environmental and social regulation differ from other countries Social justice is mainly dealt with by social policy with a large spectrum of targets actors and levels For the German discussion the concepts of sustainability lack of negative social Sozialverträglichkeit environmental Umweltverträglichkeit and health impacts Gesundheitsverträglichkeit may be referred to EJ Politically EJ may be referred to programs and activities in regard to environment and health healthy cities action program environment health APUG environmental impact assessment EIA health impact assessment HIA strategic environmental assessment SEA public health inequities in health poverty and health children s health and urban renewal local agenda 21 socially acceptable city Soziale Stadt shrinking cities E g the APUG in Northrhine Westfalia APUG NRW has included EJ as a topic Some important features often the EJ topic is first pushed by environmental organisations NGOs or communes communes may consider starting their own EJ initiatives without support from higher levels of government in direct cooperation with corporations e g GNAs good neighbourhood agreements frequently there are conflicts between government authorities corporations and science on one side and communes grass root groups NGOs on the other side in this context government authorities and affiliated scientists may be suspected of green washing local environmental problems content scope and maybe even results of EJ research are influenced by public or private funding of specific projects and institutes autonomous EJ research with lay epidemiology approaches by environmental organisations local authorities NGOs etc is severely limited by lack of funds and barriers to data and methods access goodwill and cooperativeness of data holding

    Original URL path: http://www.umweltgerechtigkeit.de/xApproaches.html (2016-02-08)
    Open archived version from archive

  • Umweltgerechtigkeit
    EJ in the city 2012 2014 In November 2012 DIFU will have a strategic conference on this issue 6 New issues of the Environmental Justice journal deal e g with the following topics EJ in Latin America the whole issue 2 2012 focus on access to water Fukushima the extreme environmental pollution in the Niger delta caused by Shell see below New publications on EJ BfS BfR RKI UBA hg II Themenheft Umweltgerechtigkeit UMID Umwelt und Mensch Informationsdienst 2 2011 Bolte G Bunge C Hornberg C Köckler H Mielck A eds Umweltgerechtigkeit Chancengleichheit bei Umwelt und Gesundheit Konzepte Datenlage und Handlungsperspektiven Huber Bern 2012 Bolte G Voigtländer S Razum O Mielck A Modelle zur Erklärung des Zusammenhangs zwischen sozialer Lage Umwelt und Gesundheit In Bolte et al eds Umweltgerechtigkeit Huber Bern 2012 39 50 Bunge C Potenziale für mehr Umweltgerechtigkeit Handlungsfelder und Instrumente einer integrierten Strategie In Bolte et al eds Umweltgerechtigkeit Huber Bern 2012 175 189 Carrizo Sineiro C Berger M Citizens rights and environmental genocide Environmental Justice 2 2012 105 110 Elvers H D Butler J Rahmenbedingungen zielgruppenspezifischer kommunaler Planungsprozesse für Umweltgerechtigkeit In Bolte et al eds Umweltgerechtigkeit Huber Bern 2012 219 230 Firpo Porto M Movements and the network of environmental justice in Brazil Environmental Justice 2 2012 100 104 Hornberg C Bunge C Pauli A Strategien für mehr Umweltgerechtigkeit Handlungsfelder für Forschung Politik und Praxis Universität Bielefeld Bielefeld 2011 Hornberg C Pauli A Sozialräumliche Unterschiede in Bildungschancen und Schulqualität k ein Thema in der Umweltgerechtigkeitsdebatte In Bolte et al eds Umweltgerechtigkeit Huber Bern 2012 125 134 Klimeczek H J Umweltgerechtigkeit durch Chancengleichheit bei Umwelt und Gesundheit Strategien auf Landesebene In Bolte et al eds Umweltgerechtigkeit Huber Bern 2012 205 218 Köckler H Hornberg C Vulnerabilität als Erklärungsmodell einer sozial differenzierten Debatte um Risiken und Chancen im

    Original URL path: http://www.umweltgerechtigkeit.de/xNews.html (2016-02-08)
    Open archived version from archive



  •