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  • Peatland Conservation through International Climate Policy Mechanisms - Michael-Succow-Foundation
    important terrestrial carbon reservoirs While peat soils only cover 0 3 of the global land area due to extensive drainage of large areas for forestry agriculture and peat extraction they currently account for ca 6 of all anthropogenic CO 2 emissions Until recently these facts have been completely neglected by the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol Most countries have ignored greenhouse gas emissions from peatlands and have chosen not to implement any of the available generally voluntary activities for emission reduction During the International Climate Summit in Durban in 2011 the participating nations agreed on introducing a new activity Wetland drainage and restoration to increase the focus on peatlands as hotspots of greenhouse gas emissions during the Kyoto Protocol s second commitment period starting in 2013 Based on the limited information on peatland emissions many countries are hesitant about implementing this activity Further UNFCCC mechanisms to offset emissions from peatlands include NAMAs Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions Joint Implementation JI and possibly the Clean Development Mechanism CDM The standards needed for measuring reporting and control MRV in peatlands are being developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC In addition voluntary carbon markets offer incentives for emission reduction and international peatland and climate protection activities The project s goal is to supply information about reduction of emissions from peatlands to decision makers UNFCCC delegations and scientists from the IPCC working groups and to emphasize additional modes of utilization through peatland protection restoration and sustainable use It will offer practical solutions to address the concerns of countries with technical deficits regarding MRV and questions about the offsetting process Thus the project will create capacities in peatland rich countries that can serve as an important contribution toward worldwide emission reduction It will offer an incentive for nations listed in Appendix I of

    Original URL path: http://succow-stiftung.de/peatland-conservation-through-international-climate-policy-mechanisms.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Central Asia - Climate Finance Readiness - Michael-Succow-Foundation
    climate policy including cross sector strategies for both climate mitigation and adaptation measures The agriculture forestry and land use AFOLU sector finds scarce recognition from Central Asian governments when it comes to climate change sensitive policy making and international climate change cooperation This contrasts with an ever growing architecture of AFOLU and international climate cooperation to provide developing countries assistance with planning action and finance readiness for climate mitigation and adaptation measures as well as for monitoring reporting and verification MRV Climate cooperation mechanisms include National Adaptation Plans NAPs National Appropriate Mitigation Actions NAMA interventions new agricultural policies Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation REDD as well as bilateral and multilateral initiatives The project s aim is to enable key institutions in the target countries Uzbekistan and Kyrgysztan to become familiar with the international climate finance architecture and ultimately to be ready to access climate finance opportunities in the AFOLU LULUCF Land use land use change forestry sector through training dedicated staff Within three training modules in each target country the project will a create the ground for understanding national AFOLU LULUCF sectors and familiarize the participants with all available international finance options b develop a case study and

    Original URL path: http://succow-stiftung.de/central-asia-climate-finance-readiness.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Uzbekistan – Climate protection through pistachio cultivation - Michael-Succow-Foundation
    of Uzbekistan Intensive land use practices caused large scale degradation of these natural habitats turning them into low productive wheat fields and pastures The rehabilitation of ecosystem functions of the natural pistachio communities is considered one of the most effective measures against climate change in the region Simultaneously it reduces degradation processes especially erosion and re establishes habitats for many species Practice shows that land use change approaches are worthless if the do not meet basic needs and interests of the local population This is where the project comes in An economic analysis shows that prospective income from pistachio harvests are much better than those from the current unsustainable land use practices Local farmers do show interest in receiving assistance and training on pistachio growing which is provided in pistachio growing centres These centres already exist in two regions in Uzbekistan and one more is to established in Tashkent province within the project The centers provide varieties of pistachio and almond trees for grafting on the one hand and provide training facilities and advise on the other hand The pistachio growing centres are thought to become initial points spreading knowledge and practical skills at province level Such a point of

    Original URL path: http://succow-stiftung.de/uzbekistan-climate-protection-through-pistachio-cultivation.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Usbekistan - Ecosystem based adaptation in the Ugam Chatkal National Park - Michael-Succow-Foundation
    Amygdalus spp and pistachio Pistacia vera Intensive land use practices caused large scale degradation into low productive wheat fields and pastures which became almost unprofitable with decreasing trend considering climate change The rehabilitation of ecosystem functions of the natural pistachio communities are to consider as the most effective measure against climate change At the same time degradation processes are reduced and habitats for many species are re established Practice shows that even the smartest land use change approaches are worthless if the basic needs and interests of people in place are not met This is where the current project approach is showing its performance Economic analysis run in the frame of a feasibility study calculate much more income from pistachio harvest than current unsustainable land use practices provide The more it becomes vivid taking the ongoing degradation of the ecosystem under current land use practices into consideration that decrease income prospects dramatically For farmers there exists a risk to bridge the time from planting pistachio trees to first harvest which occurs after about 7 years The feasibility studies has developed business models to minimize the risks by agroforestry approaches by growing inter row crops as pick cheas melon safflower rose hip and others Farmers receive revenues while pistachio trees grow to first harvest Since the project aims at a maximum adaptation by farmers in Tashkent province roll out the establishment of so called pistachio growing centers is envisaged These centers provide different varieties of trees furthermost pistachio and almond as a source for grafting on the one hand and provide training facilities and advise on the other hand as a business model for farmers The pistachio growing centers are thought to become initial points from which knowledge practical skills seedlings and inoculation material will get distributed on province level The

    Original URL path: http://succow-stiftung.de/uzbekistan-ecosystem-based-adaptation-in-the-ugam-chatkal-national-park.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Central Asia - Ecosystem-based land and forest management for poverty alleviation - Michael-Succow-Foundation
    a region with growing problems regarding the security of water supply for ecosystems agriculture and population By changing the natural water runoff regime a decline in seasonal water availability and thus the irrigated areas is expected coupled with a massive impact on the economy The protection of riparian forests biomass stocks between 16 t ha and 58 t ha at a tree age of 30 years is facing major challenges through multiple overuse and intensive land use water extraction from the river ecosystem and firewood collection leading to massive soil salinization substantial forest degradation and reduced natural flood regime The existing or newly established protected areas do not adequately perform their functions and duties so far but they offer the potential to address the challenges The project addresses a sustainable climate and site adapted management of natural resources along the Amudarya thereby improving the livelihoods of the people in the target region and the environmental capacity of the floodplain natural space It thus aims at one of the core problems of the regional cooperation The restoration of saline soils the cultivation of halophytic shrubs and annual plantsas hay leads to the achievement of several aims such as the reduction of

    Original URL path: http://succow-stiftung.de/central-asia-ecosystem-based-land-and-forest-management-for-poverty-alleviation.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Georgia - Study on potential and feasibility of UNESCO-biosphere reserves in Georgia - Michael-Succow-Foundation
    cultural heritage Thus good conditions for establishing Biosphere Reserves are in place Therefore the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Protection of Georgia formed a new working group on Perspectives of biosphere reserves formation in Georgia in 2015 Its work is supported by a Study on potential and feasibility of UNESCO biosphere reserves in Georgia implemented by the Michael Succow Foundation Being part of the biodiversity hotspot region of the Caucasus Georgia belongs to one of 34 global regions identified by Conservation International which show a high biodiversity but that is at the same timehighly threatened Human impact especially unsustainable land use is one of the main threats to biodiversity in Georgia Most likely climate change and its consequences will aggravate this situation in the coming yearsge The establishment of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves Man and the BiosphereProgramm MAB is creating model regions for sustainable development combining the protection and the use of resources Biosphere Reserves promote a socially economically and ecologically sustainable development of these regions In addition Biosphere Reserves might serve as instruments for climate change adaptation and mitigation Best practice concepts can be developed jointly with resident communities The project forms one of the first steps towards the

    Original URL path: http://succow-stiftung.de/georgia-study-on-potential-and-feasibility-of-unesco-biosphere-reserves-in-georgia.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Myanmar - Development of a „Indawgyi Lake“ UNESCO Biosphere Reserve - Michael-Succow-Foundation
    is the third largest freshwater lake in SoutheastAsia With its natural and cultural heritage it has a lot of potential to become a biosphere reserve The hills surrounding the lake are still covered with relatively undisturbed tropical forests harboring endangered primates such as Eastern Hoolock Gibbon Hoolockleuconedys as well as Phayre Langur Trachypithecusphayrei and Shortridge Langur Trachypithecus shortridgei The lake with its afferent streams and periodically inundated wetlands isimportant as breeding roosting and wintering sites for numerous birds as well as habitat for endemic and threatened water turtles and fish The Shwemyintzu Pagoda located in the middle of the lake attracts up to 80 000 visitors during Buddhist festivities The population density of Indawgyi region is relatively high 150 inhabitants km² and still rising due to immigration This increases the pressure on natural resources in the area However the high environmental awareness and willingness to communicate that already exist in the region will hopefully facilitate stakeholder dialogue for the establishment of a biosphere reserve A strategy for sustainable regional development can contribute to preserve this treasure for future generations the objective of the project is to develop Indawgyi Lake area as a model region for sustainable development in Myanmar in accordance with UNESCO MAB guidelines to elaborate in a participatory manner a nomination file and to submit it to UNESCO MAB secretariat Intended outcome By establishing a biosphere reserve the project will provide a basis for sustainable rural development and resource management that allows full participation of the local community Long term protection of ecosystems to preserve habitats for flora and fauna while taking account of the local communities needs Project activities Collect and evaluate biodiversity data develop management recommendations mainly for birds amphibians plants and vegetation types Initiation of alternative land use concepts and income opportunities the latter particularly

    Original URL path: http://succow-stiftung.de/myanmar-development-of-a-indawgyi-lake-unesco-biosphere-reserve.html (2016-02-15)
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  • Scholarships - Michael-Succow-Foundation
    and knowledge Public relations environmental education and the promotion of international relations in nature conservation therefore belong to the Michael Succow Foundation s goals The foundation is involved in the education and training of nature conservation experts in various ways students are involved in foundation projects as interns foundation staff supervise students theses and the foundation organises seminars workshops and excursions in Germany and abroad Research training and public relations are important aspects of most foundation projects Closely cooperating with the University of Greifswald we also promote international networks of students and scientists in common projects such as the university cooperation project CABNET Of great importance for us are scholarships facilitating a study or research stay in Germany for young nature conservationists from the countries of the former Soviet Union Generous support by Volker and Wally Kleinn via the Eva Kleinn Scholarship and by other donors such as the Liechtenstein Agency for Forests Nature and Landscape provides young nature conservationists with the opportunity to participate in the international master programme Landscape Ecology and Nature Conservation LENC at the Universität of Greifswald Due to the Marion Dönhoff Grant in the Michael Succow Foundation fellows can work on their own projects in

    Original URL path: http://succow-stiftung.de/scholarships.html (2016-02-15)
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