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  • Mittelalterliche Geschichte - Eine digitale Einführung in das Studium
    piety of the saint which among other things is shown by his teaching The considerable length of this passage and of the prologue suggest that this work was composed to be read aloud among clerics during spiritual exercises teaching and that its contents were designed to serve as a model and for the edification of its readers and listeners A meritorious irreproachable life and working miracles during his lifetime working miracles during his lifetime This is made possible by his particular closeness to Christ which can be noticed in the description of the miracles This passage shows that such lives which were generally written after the death of the saint are primary sources as regard the large amount of information they contain about everyday conditions in that particular place the political role of the bishop in his time and about contemporary attitudes and world views The miracles that occurred after the death of the saint at his grave point to the function of a saint s mortal remains as a connection between his flock and God Ulrich s life went hand in hand with a cultural and economic upswing for the city of Augsburg where his bones were buried and

    Original URL path: http://www.mittelalterliche-geschichte.de/work/mahist/sources/viten/englisch/vit4.html (2016-02-14)
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  • Mittelalterliche Geschichte - Eine digitale Einführung in das Studium
    stylistically from courtly love poetry Minnesang Sangspruch participated in the shaping of attitudes via didactic and critical interventions Before Walther von der Vogelweide we know of only one other Spruchdichter Spervogel After Walther there were others such as Reinmar von Zweter or Brother Wernher Within the genre Walther s work is considered to have been pioneering and to have formed the subsequent tradition Thus the so called Crown Spruch right column of the image was composed in the context of the contested double election of 1198 which pitted the Staufen prince Philip the Swabian against the Guelph Welf Otto IV in a struggle for the Roman German crown Because Walther happened to be at the court of Philip of Swabia when this poem was written it is a partisan defence of the Staufen prince In the first strophe Philip appears as destined to be Emperor and the crown seems to have been made just for him With its help Philip s rule is deftly elevated to cosmic status and the other German princes are exhorted to join Philip The Wise One Man was a particular gemstone that was set at the front of the Imperial crown and has since been

    Original URL path: http://www.mittelalterliche-geschichte.de/work/mahist/sources/dichtung/englisch/di2.html (2016-02-14)
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  • Mittelalterliche Geschichte - Eine digitale Einf
    Latin sigilium a diminutive of the word signum sign The term sphragistics the study of seals comes from the Greek work sphragis sign Seals can be studied from the perspective of a number of different research questions They can provide information about the legal validity of a document and of the people who were involved in the legal act that led to the issuance of a document or about the

    Original URL path: http://www.mittelalterliche-geschichte.de/work/mahist/index.php?id=60&lang=en&tpl=3 (2016-02-14)
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  • Mittelalterliche Geschichte - Eine digitale Einf
    used all over Europe in large numbers and very different forms If seals are to be the subject of scholarly analysis then we need to define characteristics that will make it possible to distinguish seals from one another One important question regards the owner of a seal In the medieval Empire kings emperors and popes were the primary users of seals to authenticate their charters and to seal their letters

    Original URL path: http://www.mittelalterliche-geschichte.de/work/mahist/index.php?id=61&lang=en&tpl=3 (2016-02-14)
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  • Mittelalterliche Geschichte - Eine digitale Einf
    horseback In order to identify German rulers seals the catalogue of Otto Posse is helpful Die Siegel der Deutschen Kaiser und Könige 751 1806 5 vols Dresden 1909 1913 Staatsarchiv Augsburg Reichsstadt Lindau Urk 16 Other Images The images on seals can vary enormously people animals plants mythical creatures landscapes tools everyday objects weapons symbols or signs These can of course bee ordered quite objectively after the object represented Such

    Original URL path: http://www.mittelalterliche-geschichte.de/work/mahist/index.php?id=62&lang=en&tpl=3 (2016-02-14)
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  • Mittelalterliche Geschichte - Eine digitale Einf
    the texts that explain the image on the obverse of the seal Our example demonstrates that seals are not simply a means of authentication but also must be understood as potential carriers of meaning or signs of authority and as a means of self presentation The golden seal of the Golden Bull which was composed in the midst of a conflict between interests of the imperial princes and those of

    Original URL path: http://www.mittelalterliche-geschichte.de/work/mahist/index.php?id=63&lang=en&tpl=3 (2016-02-14)
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  • Mittelalterliche Geschichte - Eine digitale Einf
    by mixing in verdigris as well as black using soot and blue using cobalt ore Möller Staatsarchiv Augsburg Hochstift Augsburg Urkunden 362 Lead Lead was also used for making seals Two sided lead seals have been preserved for example on papal charters Staatsarchiv Augsburg Kloster Ottobeuren Urkunde 2 Gold From the early to the late Middle Ages some seals for especially important royal charters were made of gold The Golden

    Original URL path: http://www.mittelalterliche-geschichte.de/work/mahist/index.php?id=64&lang=en&tpl=4 (2016-02-14)
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  • Mittelalterliche Geschichte - Eine digitale Einf
    those there are oval seals oval ones with pointed ends particularly belonging to clerical issuers and shield shaped seals Metal bullae unlike wax seals are almost all round Rundes Wachssiegel Original an Urkunde im Staatsarchiv Augsburg Domkapitel Urkunden 910 Spitzovales

    Original URL path: http://www.mittelalterliche-geschichte.de/work/mahist/index.php?id=65&lang=en&tpl=4 (2016-02-14)
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